‘Narmada,’ also known as ‘Reva,’ is the fifth-longest river in the Indian subcontinent and is crowned as the third longest river that flows entirely within India. Narmada has religious significance to Hindus and is amongst the five holy rivers of India. The river emerges in ‘Amarkantak’ from its source, a small bowl known as Narmada Kund. It flows through Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, and finally plunges into the Arabian Sea.
Approximately 529 tons of garbage and filth were being dumped into the river, creating hazardous results. Chemical farming, animal bathing in the water, immersion of dead bodies and statues made of iron, copper, chromium, mercury, nickel, zinc, and lead have already taken a toll on the river. Adding to the problem, large amounts of sand was being excavated from Narmada and mounting environmental concern was caused by ashes emitted by thermal power plants. Around 1500 small and large factories were located on its path, which only aggravated the issue by dumping contaminated waste matter into the river. Jabalpur was the biggest culprit, dumping waste amounting to almost 83 tons in the river.